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Agricultural Input Price Index in Turkey increased by 7.66% annually and 0.13% monthly 

21.05.2020

Agricultural Input Price Index, March 2020 in Turkey

Agriculture-PPI (2015=100) increased by 0.13% compared to previous month, increased by 1.71% compared to December of the previous year, increased by 7.66% compared to same month of the previous year and increased by 12.32% compared to twelve month averages, in March 2020.

Monthly changes with respect to previous month by main groups, goods and services currently consumed in agriculture index increased by 0.04% and goods and services contributing to agricultural investment index increased by 0.65%.The goods and services currently consumed in agricultural index increased by 7.30% and goods and services contributing to agricultural investment index increased by 9.96% compared to same month of the previous year.

The highest annual decrease was realized 6.29% in veterinary expenses subgroup

The other subgroup that indicated a decrease was plant protection and pesticides with 2.24%. On the other hand, other goods and services with 10.82, seeds and planting stock with 11.98 and materials with 11.25% subgroups where high annual increases realized.

Agricultural-IPI annual rate of changes in subgroups (%), March 2020

The highest monthly decrease was 6.15% in energy; lubricants subgroup

The other subgroup that indicated high monthly decrease was seeds and planting stock with 0.72% compared to previous month. In March 2020, materials with 0.65%, maintenance of materials with 2.36%, and fertilizer and soil improvers with 2.74% were the subgroups where high monthly increases realized.

Agricultural – IPI monthly rate of changes in subgroups (%), March 2020

The next release on this subject will be on June 19, 2020.


Source: TurkStat
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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Total vehicle-km was calculated as 306 billion 926 million in Turkey

21.05.2020

Vehicle-kilometer Statistics, 2018 in Turkey

In Turkey, road motor vehicles(1) registered to the traffic travelled 306 billion 926 million kilometers in 2018. Passenger cars constituted 55.7% of total vehicle-km(2) followed by small trucks with 20.6%, trucks 11.8%, minibuses 4.3%, motorcycles 4.1% and buses 3.5%.

While total number of vehicles increased by 2.9%, total vehicle-km increased by 0.9% compared with the previous year

While total number of road motor vehicles increased by 2.9%, total vehicle-km increased by 0.9% in 2018 compared with the previous year in Turkey. Number of passenger cars increased by 3.0%, minibuses 1.9%, small trucks 3.1%, trucks 0.8% and motorcycles 3.5%, while number of buses decreased by 1.5%. However, vehicle-km increased by 8.3% for passenger cars and 7.4% for motorcycles, while it decreased by 2.1% for minibuses, 6.8% for small trucks, 13.9% for trucks and 4.1% for buses.

Passenger cars travelled 13 thousand 776 kilometer on average

In terms of average distance travelled in year 2018, buses travelled 48 thousand 826 kilometers followed by trucks 42 thousand 791, minibuses 27 thousand 77, small trucks 16 thousand 871, passenger cars 13 thousand 776 and motorcycles 3 thousand 960 kilometers respectively.

Diesel-fuelled passenger cars constituted 47.8% of total distance travelled by passenger cars

When distance travelled by passenger cars in 2018 was examined in terms of fuel types of vehicles, 47.8% of the total vehicle-kilometer was constituted of diesel-fuelled, 33.4% of LPG-fuelled and 18.8% of gasoline-fuelled passenger cars.

Maximum distance was travelled by vehicles aged 12 years and above

When total distance travelled was analyzed in terms of age groups of vehicles in 2018, maximum distance was travelled by vehicles aged 12 years and above with the rate of 31.5%, which met 45.3% of the vehicle fleet, followed by 29.7% for 0-3 years, 24.6% for 4-7 years, 14.2% for 8-11 years old vehicles respectively in Turkey. This rate was 33.9% for passenger cars aged 12 years and above, 31.6% for 0-3, 23.5% for 4-7 and 11.0% for 8-11 years old.

The ratio of vehicles inspected once during roadworthiness tests was 64.8%

In Turkey 8 million 870 thousand 625 vehicles were subject to inspection in 2018. While 64.8% of the vehicles were inspected once, 34.2% twice, 0.8% three times and 0.2% four and more times. The total number of inspected vehicles increased by 6.6% in 2018 compared with 2017. This increase was 8.2% in passenger cars, 6.5% in small trucks, 4.6% in motorcycles and 2.5% in minibuses, while it decreased by 1.1% for buses and 0.8% for trucks.

The next release on this subject will be in May 2021.
                                                                                                                                                                                      

EXPLANATIONS

(1) It covers passenger cars, minibuses, buses, small trucks, trucks (tankers and road tractors are also included) and motorcycles. Special purpose vehicles and tractors are out of coverage.

(2) It is calculated by using administrative records compiled from odometers of passenger cars, minibuses, buses, small trucks, trucks and motorcycles visiting vehicle inspection stations. It covers distance travelled on both national and international roads by road motor vehicles registered to the traffic in Turkey.


Source: TurkStat
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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Imports of hard coal increased by 56.2% compared to the previous month in Turkey

21.05.2020

Solid Fuels, March 2020 in Turkey

Marketable production of lignite(1) decreased by 1.0% in March compared to the previous month. In January-March period, its production decreased by 8.2% when compared to the same period of the previous year. On the other hand, its production decreased by 21.1% compared to the same month of the previous year.

Marketable production of hard coal was 101 thousand 172 tonnes in March

Marketable production of hard coal increased by 2.3% in January-March period compared to the same period of the previous year. On the other hand, its production decreased by 1.6% compared to the previous month and by 6.7% compared to the same month of the previous year in March.

Marketable production of coke derived from hard coal increased by 7.1% in March compared to the previous month and by 0.6% in January-March period compared to the same period of the previous year. On the other hand, its production decreased by 1.8% compared to the same month of the previous year.

Imports of hard coal increased by 56.2% compared to the previous month

Imports of hard coal increased by 56.2% in March compared to the previous month and by 13.4% compared to the same month of the previous year and by 11.0% in January-March period compared to the same period of the previous year.

Imports of coke derived from hard coal increased by 19.8% in March compared to the previous month. On the other hand, it decreased by 23.1% in January-March period compared to the same period of the previous year, by 34.8% in March compared to the same month of the previous year.

The highest ratio of production to deliveries was in lignite in January-March period

The highest ratio(2) of production to deliveries was in lignite by 107.9%. This ratio was 84.6% for coke derived from hard coal and 3.2% for hard coal in January-March period.

Hard coal and lignite were delivered mostly to thermal power plants

Concerning the deliveries of solid fuels in March, hard coal was delivered with a percentage of 56.0% to thermal power plants, 21.6% to coking plants, and 9.6% to industry (except iron and steel industry). On the other hand, 87.2% of lignite was delivered to thermal power plants and 9.7% to industry (except iron and steel industry). Lastly, 95.4% of coke derived from hard coal was delivered to iron and steel industry.

The next release on this subject will be on June 25, 2020.    
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

EXPLANATIONS

(1) Asphaltite is included within lignite.
(2) It shows the proportion of marketable production in deliveries.
Ratio of production to deliveries = (marketable production quantity / delivery quantity)*100


Source: TurkStat
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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Consumer confidence index in Turkey increased by 8.5% in May 2020

20.05.2020

Consumer Confidence Index, May 2020 in Turkey

Seasonally adjusted consumer confidence index calculated from the results of the consumer tendency survey carried out in cooperation with the Turkish Statistical Institute and Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey increased by 8.5% in May compared to the previous month. The index became 59.5 in May while it was 54.9 in April.

Seasonally adjusted consumer confidence index, May 2020

Financial situation expectation index realized as 79.2

The financial situation expectation of household index in the next 12 months period which was 72.5 in April increased by 9.3% and became 79.2 in May.

General economic situation expectation index became 81.8

The general economic situation expectation index in the next 12 months period which was 74.8 in April increased by 9.5% and became 81.8 in May.

Number of people unemployed expectation index became 55.3

The number of people unemployed expectation index in the next 12 months period which was 53.8 in April increased by 2.9% and became 55.3 in May.

Probability of saving index realized as 21.7

The probability of saving index in the next 12 months period which was 18.4 in April increased by 18.0% and became 21.7 in May.

Seasonally adjusted consumer confidence index, sub-indices and rate of changes, May 2020

Seasonally adjusted consumer confidence index and indices concerning consumer tendency, May 2020

The next release on this subject will be on June 22, 2020.
                                                                                                                                                                                      

EXPLANATIONS

In monthly consumer tendency survey, consumers’ assessments and expectations on financial standing and general economic situation, also their expenditure and saving tendencies are measured.

The consumer confidence index calculated from the survey results is evaluated within the range of 0-200. It indicates an optimistic outlook when the index is above 100, but it indicates a pessimistic outlook when it is below 100.

The increase in probability of borrowing money index, which is the one of the indices concerning consumer tendency indicates an optimistic outlook while decrease in index indicates a pessimistic outlook. Similarly, increase in assessment and expectation in consumer prices change rate indices indicate a decrease in assessment/ expectation in consumer prices and vice versa.


Source: TurkStat
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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Non-domestic producer price index in Turkey increased by 13.00% annually and 5.46% monthly

20.05.2020

Non-Domestic Producer Price Index, April 2020 in Turkey

ND-PPI (2010=100) increased by 5.46% monthly, by 12.60% on December of the previous year, by 13.00% on same month of the previous year and by 8.62% on the twelve months moving averages basis in April 2020.

ND-PPI rate of changes (%), April 2020

ND-PPI annual rate of change (%), April 2020

Manufacturing increased by 12.92% annually

ND-PPI in two main sectors of industry increased by 16.50% for mining and quarrying, by 12.92% for manufacturing compared with the previous year.

The indices of main industrial groups; increased by 12.48% for intermediate goods, by 23.73% for durable consumer goods, by 15.46% for non-durable consumer goods, decreased by 65.69% for energy, increased by 17.17% for capital goods, annually.

ND-PPI rate of annual changes (%), April 2020

Manufacturing increased by 5.44% monthly

ND-PPI in two main sectors of industry increased by 6.35% for mining and quarrying, by 5.44% for manufacturing compared with the previous month.

The indices of main industrial groups; increased by 6.35% for intermediate goods, by 5.38% for durable consumer goods, by 5.62% for non-durable consumer goods, decreased by 34.33% for energy, increased by 6.11% for capital goods, monthly.

D-PPI rate of monthly changes (%), April 2020

The only annual decrease was in coke and refined petroleum products by 65.69%

The only rate of annual decrease in ND-PPI by subdivisions of industry were for coke and refined petroleum products by 65.69%. On the other hand the highest rates of annual increase in ND-PPI by subdivisions of industry were for other manufactured goods by 34.69%, for tobacco products by 26.12%, for basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutic prep. by 20.59%.

Annual rate of change for sectors of ND-PPI (%), April 2020

The only monthly decrease was in coke and refined petroleum products by 34.33%

The only rate of monthly decrease in ND-PPI by subdivisions of industry was for coke and refined petroleum products by 34.33%. On the other hand the highest rates of monthly increase in ND-PPI by subdivisions of industry were for other transport equipment by 8.15%, for basic metals by 7.71%, for other mining and quarrying products by 7.27%.

Monthly rate of change for sectors of ND-PPI (%), April 2020

The next release on this subject will be on June 22, 2020.


Source: TurkStat
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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How Can I Get My Tax Identification Number in Turkey?

18.05.2020

Getting Tax ID Number in case there is no need to register at a tax office,

If you are a foreign national individual;

– You don’t need to get a tax identification number in case you have a foreign national identification number received from the civil registry office (CRO).

– You can apply to any tax office with a petition including your address and the copy of your passport approved by notary or the copy and original of your passport to be approved by tax officials.

– Your bank can apply on behalf of you with “Tax Identification Number Request Form for Foreigners” if you need a tax identification number for your bank transactions.

Furthermore, you can get a potential tax identification number electronically and instantly by clicking on the application for non-citizen’s potential tax number and by filling out fields required in the web application of the Interactive Tax Office (ivd.gib.gov.tr).

If you are a legal person you may get your tax identification number from the tax office,

– After submitting the Turkish version of your corporate establishment document admissible in your country which is approved by the delegation of Turkey in your country or the Turkish version of corporate establishment document approved in foreign language which is translated by a translation agency to any tax office.

– Your bank can apply on behalf of you with “Tax Identification Number Request Form for Foreigners” if you need a tax identification number for your bank transactions.

Getting Tax ID Number in case there is need to register at a tax office,

If you are a foreign national individual;

– Foreign national individual can register to tax office and get Tax ID number by applying to tax office in which they form the tax liability with the copy of their passport approved by notary or the copy and the original of their passport to be approved by the related tax office.

If you are a legal person,

– To establish a branch, you have to apply to tax office with the following documents:

a) Turkish version of the legally effective certificate of organization of the limited taxpayer’s foreign country. The Turkish version of the certificate of organization has to be approved by the representation of Turkey in that country or the approved foreign language certificate has to be translated by a translation agency or consulate,

b) The original and the Turkish version, translated by a translation agency or consulates, of the corporate resolution related to establishing a branch.

c) The receipt of notice on the Turkish Trade Registry Gazette showing the Trade Registry Number and Registry Date (In case submitting the original of the Turkish Trade Registry Gazette, the receipt of notice is not required.)

d) The original or the notarized copy of the authorized signatures list and ID cards of person authorized to represent the corporate

e) If the person authorized to represent the corporate is a foreigner, the original of the passport or the copy and the original of his/her passport to be approved by tax office.

To establish a liaison office, you have to apply to tax office with the following documents:

a) The activity certificate obtained from relevant authorities,

b) The Turkish version of the legally effective certificate of organization in that country. The Turkish version of the certificate of organization has to be approved by the representation of Turkey in that country or the approved foreign language certificate has to be translated by a translation agency or consulates,

c) The original or the notarized copy of the certificate of authority given to the person who is authorized to conduct the liaison office’s activities by the corporate domiciled abroad and its Turkish version translated by a translation agency,

d) The original or the notarized copy of the power of attorney in case of the liaison office’s establishment transactions executed by another person,

e) The original or the notarized copy of the authorized signatures list and ID cards of person authorized in the liaison office or deputy of the liaison office. If he/she is a foreigner, the notarized copy of passport or the copy and the original of his/her passport to be approved by tax office.


Source: Revenue Administration of Turkey
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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I want to buy a real estate in Turkey. What is my tax liability?

18.05.2020

According to the Fees Code, the total rate of Title Deed Fee is 4 %. Both the purchaser and the seller are liable to pay the title deed fee as 2 % of the price of real estate (except Value Added Tax).

The amount of invoice arranged for real estate   and the amount of transfer from the bank should be the actual purchase price.

Following the procedures at the land office, you can pay your title deed fee to authorized tax offices or banks having a contract with Turkish Revenue Administration or PTT branches. Also, if you have a Turkish identification number not a foreigner identification number or a tax identification number and an e-collection serial no, you can pay your title deed fee on web and mobile applications of the Interactive Tax Office (ivd.gib.gov.tr).

After getting your title deed, you should inform the municipality affiliated to your real estate location about your property tax.


Source: Revenue Administration of Turkey
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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Floor area of buildings given occupancy permits decreased by 41.1% in Turkey

18.05.2020

Building Permits, January-March, 2020 in Turkey


Source: TurkStat
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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House sales decreased by 55.5% in April 2020 in Turkey

15.05.2020

House Sales Statistics, April 2020 in Turkey

In Turkey, house sales decreased by 55.5% in April 2020 compared to the same month of the previous year and hence, became 42 783. For the house sales of April 2020, İstanbul had the highest share of house sales with 14.3% and 6 113 sold house. The followers of İstanbul were Ankara with 4 500 house sales and İzmir 2 533 house sales with the share of 10.5% and 5.9% respectively. The least house sold provinces were Hakkari with 6 house sales, Ardahan with 7 house sales and Bayburt with 20 house sales.

  Number of house sales, April 2020

In April 2020, 17 088 ownership of the houses changed by mortgage sales

The mortgaged house sales throughout Turkey became 17 088 by decreasing 23.9% compared to the same month of the previous year. House sales with mortgage had a 39.9% share of all house sales in Turkey. İstanbul has the highest mortgage house sales in Turkey with 2 451 sales and with the share of 14.3%. The least other house sales was realized in Hakkari with 2 house sales.

Ownership of 25 695 houses changed by other sales

Other house sales in Turkey became 25 695 by decreasing 65.1% compared to the same month of the previous year. In the other sales, İstanbul was the first province with 3 662 sales and 14.3% share. Other house sales had 59.9% share of all house sales in İstanbul. Ankara was the second province with 2 286 sales. Ankara was followed by İzmir with 1 372 sales. The least other house sales was realized in Hakkari with 4 house sales.

   House sales by type of sales, April 2020

In house sales, 14 848 of houses were sold for the first time

First house sales in Turkey became 14 848 by decreasing 60.7% compared to the same month of the previous year. First house sales had 34.7% share of all house sales in Turkey. The most first house sales was in İstanbul with 2 022 sales. İstanbul was the first province in Turkey ranking that had most first house sales share with 13.6%. The followers of İstanbul were Ankara with  1 166  house  sales and  İzmir with 854 house sales.

Ownership of 27 935 houses changed by second hand sales

Second hand house sales in Turkey became 27 935 by decreasing 52.1% compared to the same month of the previous year. In the second hand sales, İstanbul was the first province again with 4 091 sales and 14.6% share. Share of the second hand sales was 66.9% in İstanbul in total house sales. Ankara was the second province with 3 334 sales and Ankara was followed by İzmir with 1 679 sales.

House sales by state of sales, April 2020

House sales by type of sales, April 2019-2020      House sales by state of sales, April 2019-2020
 
Houses sales increased by 8.9% in January-April period

In the January-April period, 383 821 houses were sold and increased by 8.9% compared to the same period of the previous year. In the January-April period, sales of mortgaged houses was 146 387 and increased by 141.4%, and in other types of sales, it was 237 434 and decreased by 18.6%. Houses sold for the first time in this period was 122 280 decreased by 16.0%. Second-hand house sales was 261 541 and also increased by 26.4%.

In April 2020, 790 houses were sold to foreigners

In house sales to foreigners became 790 by decreasing 78.8% compared to the same month of the previous year. İstanbul was the first province with 374 sales in April 2020. The followers of İstanbul were Antalya with 150 house sales, Ankara with 47 house sales, İzmir with 30 house sales and Yalova with 25 house sales.

   House sales for foreigners, April 2020

In January-April period, house sales to foreigners became 11 738 by decreasing 12.0% compared to the same period of the previous year.

Most house sales were made to Iran citizens according to country nationalities

In April, Iran citizens bought 157 houses from Turkey. The followers of Iran were Iraq with 103 house sales, Russia with 61 house sales, Afghanistan with 54 house sales and China with 40 house sales.

      House sales by nationalities in country detail for top 20, April 2020

The next release on this subject will be on June 15, 2020.


Source: TurkStat
Legal Notice: The information in this article is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended for professional information purposes specific to a person or an institution. Every institution has different requirements because of its own circumstances even though they bear a resemblance to each other. Consequently, it is your interest to consult on an expert before taking a decision based on information stated in this article and putting into practice. Neither Karen Audit nor related person or institutions are not responsible for any damages or losses that might occur in consequence of the use of the information in this article by private or formal, real or legal person and institutions.


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Young population constituted 15.6% of Turkey’s population

15.05.2020

Youth in Statistics, 2019 in Turkey

According to the results of Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS), while the total population of Turkey was 83 million 154 thousand and 997 by the end of 2019, the young population at the age group of 15-24 was 12 million 955 thousand and 672. Young population constituted 15.6% of total population. While males constituted 51.3% of young population, females constituted 48.7% of it.

According to the population projections, the proportion of young population was expected to decrease to 14.8% in 2023, 14.0% in 2030, 13.4% in 2040, 11.8% in 2060 and 11.1% in 2080.
Proportion of young population in the total population, 1935-2080
Source: TurkStat, Population Censuses, 1935-1990
TurkStat, Population Estimates, 2000
TurkStat, Address Based Population Registration System, 2007-2019
TurkStat, Population Projections, 2023-2080The average proportion of young population for the European Union member countries was 10.7

It was seen that the proportion of young population in the total population of Turkey was higher than that the proportions of young population of 28 European Union member countries. When the proportion of young population of 28 European Union member countries were analyzed, the country having the highest proportion was Southern Cyprus with 12.8% and the country having the lowest proportion was Bulgaria with 8.9% in 2019.
Comparison of the proportion of young population with the European Union member countries, 2019
Source: Statistical Office of the European Union(Eurostat) Database, 2019
The province with the highest proportion of young population was Hakkari with 23.9%
According to the results of ABPRS, Hakkari had the highest proportion of young population with 23.9% in 2019. This province was followed by Şırnak with 22.7% and Bayburt with 22.6%. The provinces with the lowest proportion of young population were Muğla with 12.6%, Balıkesir with 12.9%, İzmir with 13.2%, respectively.
The first 5 provinces with the highest and the lowest proportion of young population, 2019

Source: TurkStat, Address Based Population Registration System, 2019Proportion of young people who moved out of his/her province of residence to study at university was 4.4%

According to the results of the ABPRS, in 2019, 411 thousand and 818 young people in the 18-24 age group moved out of his/her province of residence to study at university. The proportion of these young people in the young population of the 18-24 age group was 4.4%. While this proportion for young males was 4.2%, it was 4.7% for young females.
When the proportion of young people who moved out of his/her province of residence to study at university analyzed by provinces, it was seen that the province with the highest proportion was Burdur with 17.7%. This province followed by Bayburt with 17.5% and Isparta with 17.0%, respectively. The provinces with the lowest proportion of young people who moved out of his/her province of residence to study at university were Şırnak with 0.4%, Şanlıurfa with 0.6% and Diyarbakır with 0.8%, respectively.
Proportion of married young females was 4 times higher than those of males
When young population was examined by legal marital status, it was seen that there was a significant differences between sexes. While 95.8% of young male population was never married, 4.1% of them was formally married, and 0.1% of them was divorced, it was seen that 82.7% of young female population was never married, 16.8% of them was formally married and 0.5% of them was divorced in 2019.
It was seen that 18.7% of young females had higher education level than their spouses
According to the results of the ABPRS, when the educational difference between spouses was examined in legal marriages, it was seen that 33.6% of young females were married with the males that had higher educational level than themselves, while the proportion of young females who had higher educational level than their spouses was 18.7% in 2018. The proportion of young couples with the same educational level was 45.8%.
Level of education of married young couples, 2018
Source: TurkStat, Address Based Population Registration System, 2018Net enrollment rate in higher education for females was 46.4%

In Turkey, while net enrollment rate in higher education in 2017/’18 educational year was 45.6%, this rate decreased to 44.1% in 2018/’19 educational year. When net enrollment rate in higher education was analyzed by sex, while this rate for males decreased from 44.0% to 41.9%, for females it decreased from 47.4% to 46.4%.
Unemployment rate was 25.4% for young people
According to the results of household labour force survey, while unemployment rate for young people was 20.3% in 2018, it increased to 25.4% in 2019. While unemployment rate for young males was 17.6% in 2018, it was 22.5% in 2019. While this rate for young females was 25.3% in 2018, it was 30.6% in 2019.

The proportion of young people who took part in neither education nor employment in 2019 was 26.0%. While this proportion was 18.3% for young males, it was 34.0% for young females.

Employment rate for young people was 33.1% in 2019. While this proportion was 43.4% for young males, it was 22.6% for young females.

Labour force status of non-institutional young population, 2019

Source: TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2019

54.1% of employed young people took part in service sector
According to household labour force survey, while the employment rate of young people was 35.0% in 2018, it was 33.1% in 2019. When employment rate was analysed by sex, while the employment rate of young males was 46.4% in 2018, it was 43.4% in 2019. While the employment rate of young females was 23.4 in 2018, it was 22.6 in 2019.
While young employees was analysed by sectors, it was seen that 17.7% of young people were employed in agriculture sector, 28.2% in industry sector and 54.1% of them were employed in service sector in 2019. It was also seen that while 15.7% of young males took part in agriculture sector, 33.4% in industry sector and 50.9% of them were employed in service sector, 21.7% of females took part in agriculture sector, 17.8% in industry sector and 60.5% of them were employed in service sector.
88.0% of young people declared that they were satisfied from their own health
According to the results of life satisfaction survey, while the proportion of people who declared they were satisfied with their own health among the people aged 18 and over was 70.3% in 2018, it decreased to 68.3% in 2019. While the proportion of satisfaction from health of young individuals was 85.5% in 2018, it increased to 88.0% in 2019. This proportion was 89.6% for young males and 86.4% for young females in 2019.
Proportion of young people using Internet was 92.4%
According to the results of information and communication technology usage survey in households and by individuals, the proportion of Internet usage among young people at the age group of 16-24 was 92.4% in 2019 while it was 93.0% in 2018. While the proportion of Internet usage of young males was 96.9% in 2018, it was 96.1% in 2019. While this proportion for young females was 89.0% in 2018, it was 88.6% in 2019.
Proportion of using Internet of young people by sex, 2012-2019

Source: TurkStat, Survey on Information and Communication Technology Usage, 2012-201956.7% of young people declared that they were happy

According to the results of life satisfaction survey, while the proportion of young people at the age group of 18-24 who declared that they were happy was 55.4% in 2018, it was 56.7% in 2019. This proportion was 50.0% for young males while it was 63.4% for young females in 2019.
Health was the first source of happiness for young people
According to the results of life satisfaction survey, health was the first value as a source of happiness for young people with 52.3% in 2019. This was followed by success with 24.2% and love with 15.1%. When the source of happiness was analysed by sex, health was the first value as a source of happiness for young males with 50.1% and it was followed by success with 28.3% and love with 11.4%. For young females, health was the first value as a source of happiness with 54.5%, and it was followed by success with 19.9% ??and love with 18.8%.
73.0% of young people declared that they were satisfied from their job
According to the results of life satisfaction survey, 73.0% of young people were satisfied from their job, while 49.8% of them were satisfied from their income received from their job in 2019. For young males, the proportion of satisfaction from job was 76.2% and the satisfaction from the income received from their job was 51.2%, while for young females these proportions were 66.7% and 46.8%, respectively.
62.0% of young people were satisfied with the education they received
According to the results of life satisfaction survey, 62.0% of young people declared that they were satisfied from the education they received up to 2019. 62.2% of young males were satisfied from the education they received while 61.9% of young females were satisfied from the education they received.

The next release on this subject will be on May 2021.
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EXPLANATIONS

Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) has been published press releases since 2012 on special days and occasions considering the importance of such days. The most important step to overcome obstacles to produce effective youth policy and to realize structural changes that will provide permanent solutions is to produce policies regarding education, health, personal life, labour force, social inclusion, taking an equal share of income etc. for young people in our country.
TurkStat has published this press release as a special press release within the context of “19 May Commemoration of Atatürk, National Youth and Sports Day” in order to make necessary policies and to monitor effects of these policies successfully. The data included in the press release were compiled from censuses and surveys that were carried out by TurkStat and administrative registers.

Source: TurkStat
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