1- WHAT IS JOINT STOCK COMPANY?
1.1- Joint-stock company is a company whose capital is declared and divided into shares and who is only responsible for its assets because of its debts.
1.2- Shareholders are responsible to the company with their shares that they undertake.
***Except special provisions, these parts of provisions are applied to joint stock companies being subjected to special provisions.
2- WHAT ARE INCLUDED IN THE SUBJECT OF JOINT STOCK COMPANIES?
Joint stock companies can be established for every kind of legal economical purposes and subjects.
3- WHAT SHOULD BE THE AMOUNT OF CAPITAL IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH A JOINT STOCK COMPANY?
3.1- Registered capital, which is undertaken as a whole in articles of incorporation, cannot be less than 50.000 Turkish Lira. As for non-public joint stock companies which accepts registered capital system showing the maximum realm of authority of board of directors for capital increase, initial capital cannot be less than 100.000 Turkish Lira. Minimum capital amount can be increased by the Council of Ministers.
3.2- Within the scope of this law, initial capital in joint stock companies with registered capital is compulsory to provide in the establishment and when they move into this system. On the other hand, issued capital represents the total amount of nominal value of issued shares.
3.3- Unless non-public joint stock companies have necessary conditions, they are able to log out of registered capital system by getting permission from Ministry of Customs and Trade. Moreover, if they fail to fulfil the conditions while logging in the system, they can be logged out of the system by the Ministry even if they have no claim.
***Provisions of article 12 of Capital Market Law dated 28.07.1981 and numbered 2499 are reserved.
Source: Turkish Commercial Code